On Saturday morning Oakland woke up to the aftermath of the fifth protest related to the shooting of Oscar Grant III. There has been less damage with each protest since the unarmed Grant was fatally shot in the back Jan. 1, 2009. But Friday's outburst over the 2-year sentence received by his killer, former BART police Officer Johannes Mehserle, still took a toll on the city and the people who live and work in it.
Before Friday, the demonstrations have cost Oakland as much as $4 million, according to City Administrator Dan Lindheim. City workers are still assessing Friday's damages and law enforcement costs.
Oakland has asked BART to shoulder some of those costs, Lindheim said. The transit agency has been unwilling.
Friday's protest took a toll on the Eastlake neighborhood, where police corralled a crowd marching toward the Fruitvale BART station, where Grant was killed.
One resident missed work because police shut down his street, Sixth Avenue between East 17th and East 18th streets, and allowed no one to leave. Helicopters buzzed overhead, lights flashed and the sirens from scores of squad cars created a haunting sound.
By the time the night was over, police had arrested 152 people; more than one-third reside outside Oakland. Most were arrested for unlawful assembly. Those detained included seven juveniles and residents from Berkeley, Hayward, Long Beach, San Diego, San Francisco, Santa Cruz and other California cities.
Officers from 13 law enforcement agencies across Northern California were on hand to back up Oakland police.
"It felt like 1,000 police," said Thomas Larson, who lives on East 18th Street. "I've never seen so many police in one place and I'm from New York."
Officers from the Pleasanton Police Department ordered people up Sixth Avenue, he said, and away from an East 18th Street barricade.
"If we didn't move, we were getting arrested," Larson said. "It was surreal because there was nothing we could do."
Standing in the cold, neighbors and supporters of those arrested argued about racism, the justice system and police brutality. One neighbor told a group gathered at East 18th Street to "go back to Berkeley," Larson said.
"Is breaking someone's window justice?" Larson asked. "No. But they were looking at it like, 'Wake up.' If people don't stand up for their rights, others will."
The marchers -- many in their 20s or 30s -- splintered off from a City Hall rally that ended peacefully Friday afternoon.
Organizers were supposed to move the rally to deFremery Park in West Oakland, but the group headed in the opposite direction.
A woman who had followed the crowd said the situation worsened when police tried to surround the group at a construction site near Laney College. The marcher, who asked for anonymity out of fear of losing her teaching job, said she asked police to let her leave the group. They refused.
"I felt trapped," she said, adding that a woman with an infant pushed through police lines after being told they could not leave.
Eventually, a wave of people pushed down the construction site fence and people began to run in the direction of International Boulevard. Vandals along the way smashed the window of a sign shop on International Boulevard and Second Avenue. Shards of glass still lay on the sidewalk Saturday morning.
Marchers threw rocks, bottles and other objects at police. One officer had his holster ripped form his gun belt and another was hit by a car; his condition is still unknown. Another officer was hit in the stomach by a brick.
"The sentence was really unjust. I understand their anger, but I don't understand the point of expressing their anger that way," Sikwaya Condon said Saturday morning.
Condon lives a half-block from the police blockade that was set up on East 18th Street. He said the situation never felt dangerous, although he worried about how his wife and toddler would return home through the police presence.
When police finally lifted the barricade about 11 p.m., Shawn High discovered dents in the roof and hood of his Honda Accord parked outside his apartment at the end of a long driveway on Sixth Avenue.
A crowd had used his car to hop over a wooden fence in their attempts to flee from police.
"This wasn't a protest," High said. "A peaceful march is still needed to get the point across."