Gov. Jerry Brown's proposal to make community colleges -- not K-12 school districts -- responsible for adult education, with $300 million in additional funding, follows four years of severe cutbacks to the state's adult schools, which serve immigrants, refugees, school dropouts, parents, the disabled, seniors and ex-convicts.

In 2009, new funding rules allowed K-12 school districts to spend adult education dollars however they wished. The fund was also cut by about 20 percent.

Below is a before-and-after comparison of school district spending on adult education and students enrolled in adult ed courses. The 2012-13 estimate is based on a survey by the state Legislative Analyst's Office. Enrollment information is from Oakland Adult and Career Education and MetroEd, a nonprofit in San Jose that offers adult ed programs.

  • K-12 spending on adult education: $750 million in 2007-08; $300 million in 2012-13.

  • Oakland Adult and Career Education: 25,000 students in 2007-08; 1,300 in 2012-13.

  • MetroEd (San Jose): 10,000 students in 2007-08; 2,300 in 2012-13.

    Read the state Legislative Analyst's Office report "Restructuring Adult Education" at

    The legislative analyst's critique of the governor's plan begins at Page 41 of this report at

    See the concerns of three state organizations -- the Association of California School Administrators, the California Adult Education Administrators Association and the California Council for Adult Education -- at