APRIL 1996: City of Oakland awards conditional approval of a $1.1 million federal Housing and Urban Development loan to E.M. Health Services, a subsidiary of Qiyamah, to establish a home-health aide training program.
JUNE 1996: Oakland City Council unanimously grants $275,000 interim payment to E.M. Health. That same month, local HUD director Steven Sachs warns in city documents that E.M. Health's business plan lacked details.
FEBRUARY 1997: E.M. Health receives a MediCal/Medicare license number, allowing it to bill for government-subsidized health treatment.
SEPTEMBER 1997: Memo from city staffers shows a company called Ashanti Medical charged E.M. Health consulting fees totaling $11,900. Alameda County records indicate E.M. Health CEO Nedir Bey owned Ashanti. Throughout 1997, according to loan documents, E.M. Health paid approximately $40,000 in consulting fees and service payments to Bey and other bakery associates either directly or through companies they controlled.
AUGUST 1998: E.M. Health's parent, Qiyamah, defaults on $100,000 bank loan leveraged against a property it used as a business address on Goss Street in Oakland. Default results in trustee's sale of property, which by then is submerged in property liens from the city because of hazards and blight.
DECEMBER 1998: City sends first loan default letter to E.M. Health. Payments are eight months past due.
MARCH 2000: E.M. Health's state business license is suspended by the California Franchise Tax Board. By 2003, state and federal tax officials had imposed tax liens on the company's assets totaling nearly $200,000.
JULY 2001: City of Oakland wins default judgment against E.M. Health for $1.56million. Judgment has never been paid.
MAY 2007: Yusuf Bey's Muslim wife, Daulet Bey, and their daughter, Jannah Bey, file to revive state business license of Qiyamah, E.M. Health's nonprofit parent company. State tax officials suspend the nonprofit's license again in September 2007 for failing to file an information report from 2005.
Source: City loan documents, Alameda County property records, California Secretary of State records, Alameda County Superior Court records, and interviews conducted by the Chauncey Bailey Project.