Experts say the difference between human trafficking and child sex trafficking is minimal -- it causes equal amounts of psychological, emotional and physical distress. Child sex trafficking is a specific form of human trafficking. Below is an outline of the definitions, and some details of what trafficking of both children and adults entails.
What is child sex trafficking?
Child Sex Trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a child for the purpose of a commercial sex act, which is induced by force, fraud or coercion, or in which the person forced to perform such an act is younger than 18.
Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) is a fundamental violation of human rights and children's rights. It arises through a commercial transaction or exchange in which one or more parties gain a benefit -- cash, goods or payment in kind -- from the exploitation for sexual purposes of someone younger than 18. CSEC includes child prostitution, child pornography and other forms of transactional sex where a child engages in sexual activities to have key needs fulfilled, such as food, shelter or access to education.
What is human trafficking?
Human Trafficking is a modern-day form of slavery. Victims of human trafficking are subjected to force, fraud or coercion, for the purpose of sexual exploitation and/or forced labor. Victims are children, teenagers, men and women. After drug trafficking, human trafficking is tied with the illegal arms industry as the second-largest criminal industry in the world. Of all three, human trafficking is growing the fastest.