When Rita Moreno received a call last summer from SAG-AFTRA co-president Ken Howard, her first thought was that something was wrong.

"I was in the car on my Bluetooth, and he said, 'Rita, this is Ken Howard.' I said, 'Why the hell are you calling me? Do I owe dues? What's going on?' "

When he got a word in edgewise, Howard told her he'd called because Moreno had been chosen as the 50th recipient of the SAG Life Achievement Award. Morgan Freeman, who starred with Moreno more than 40 years ago in the classic PBS kids series "The Electric Company," would present the award Jan. 18.

Stars such as Eddie Cantor, Jimmy Stewart, Paul Newman, Betty White and Shirley Temple have received the award. Moreno is the first Latina to earn the honor.

Countless honors

Moreno was speechless when she heard the news. "I said, 'Let me call you back. I think I'm in shock.' I stopped the car when I could, and I called him back. He said it is an extraordinary honor. I said, 'You don't have to tell me anything. It's the closest thing to getting an Oscar.'"

Moreno would know something about that. She won an Oscar for her supporting role as the fiery Anita -- who could forget her pulsating "America" number? -- in 1961's "West Side Story." In fact, she's the only Latin American to have won an Oscar, a Tony ("The Ritz"), an Emmy (for guest starring on "The Muppet Show" and "The Rockford Files") and a Grammy ("The Electric Company Album").

She's received countless other honors as well, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom and National Medal of Arts. She quips that she's earned so many honors over the years that her mantelpiece is sagging.

Continued success

Moreno remains a force of nature whose vitality belies her 82 years. The diminutive actress is outspoken, poignant and funny.

"I have seen her over the years, and she's so positive," Howard says about Moreno. "She's had her ups and downs -- haven't we all? -- but she has a vibrant personality."

And she remains a working actress. She just finished a run as Fran Drescher's mother in the TV Land comedy "Happily Divorced" and appears in the upcoming indie drama "Six Dance Lessons in Six Weeks," with Gena Rowlands.

Between acting assignments, she published her 2013 autobiography, "Rita Moreno: A Memoir," in which she talked not only about her career but her tempestuous love affair with Marlon Brando, which led to a suicide attempt in 1961.

"We became obsessive lovers," says Moreno of that romance. She later married cardiologist Leonard Gordon, who died in 2010.

'The house ethnic'

The Puerto Rican-born actress, who has had her SAG card for more than six decades, has struggled over the years to avoid typecasting. As an ingenue under contract to MGM in the early 1950s, Moreno went from what she describes as one "dusky maiden" role to another -- she played Polynesian, Thai, Arabian and Indian. She thought of herself as "the house ethnic." She says, "I should have had this little kit ... that had dark Egyptian pancake makeup, two hoop earrings and an ankle bracelet."

Born Rosita Alverio, Moreno arrived in the Bronx with her mother at the age of 5. As a youngster, she performed in nightclubs and made her Broadway debut at age 13 in "Skydrift." Then using her stepfather's last name of Moreno, she was put under contract to MGM while still a teen. A casting director changed her first name to Rita. She made her first film for the studio, the Mario Lanza musical "The Toast of New Orleans" in 1950.

Typecasting mold

She admits she "thought twice" about taking these roles, but "then always accepted because you know, when you are out of work for a month or two months you'd be thinking, 'Could I get another job?' I wanted to be in the movies."

Moreno thought she would break the typecasting mold when Gene Kelly hired her to play flapper actress Zelda Zanders in the 1952 classic musical "Singin' in the Rain." But she went back to playing ethnic characters, including the ill-fated Burmese slave girl Tuptim in the 1956 film version of Rodgers and Hammerstein's "The King and I." The role may not have stretched her, but she did get to work with the legendary -- and demanding -- choreographer-director Jerome Robbins, who oversaw the dance sequences.

"He was the one who recommended me for Anita," she says.

Though Robbins was famously difficult to work with -- he was fired from "West Side Story," which he was choreographing and co-directing with Robert Wise -- Moreno thinks of him fondly. "I do believe I worked with a genius," she says of Robbins. "If he were alive and said, 'Rita, would you be interested doing this?' I would drop everything."