WASHINGTON -- House Republicans spare aircraft, bases and personnel benefits from defense budget cuts by chipping away at money the Pentagon spends in preparing the military for war.

Rep. Howard "Buck" McKeon, R-Calif., the chairman of the Armed Services Committee, unveiled the $601 billion measure on Monday that reflects smaller military budgets after more than a decade of war in Iraq and Afghanistan and the clout of congressional deficit hawks determined to cut federal spending.

Forced to make trade-offs within spending limits, the bill would spare the U-2 spy plane, born during the height of the Cold War, by barring any money to the Pentagon to retire the aircraft.

Amid the clamor in Congress, the bill also would force the Pentagon to keep the A-10 Warthog in storage rather than retire the plane.

To offset those moves, the bill rejects the Pentagon's plea for another round of military base closures to shutter unnecessary facilities and cuts some $1.4 billion for training, repairs and other operation and maintenance.

The committee plans to consider McKeon's blueprint, known as the chairman's mark, and vote on it Wednesday.

A committee statement faulted President Barack Obama for the cuts even though some congressional Republicans have backed the reductions as part of a bipartisan agreement.


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"In developing this proposal, Chairman McKeon, together with members from both parties, worked hard to find savings in less critical areas that do not pose the threat of irrevocable damage to the force or the potential to harm recruiting or retention," the committee said.

The panel's top Democrat, Rep. Adam Smith of Washington state, warned that the rejection of some of the Pentagon proposals would degrade the military's readiness.

"While it is not our role to accept the defense budget entirely as it is presented, it is also not our role to make significant changes that cause the Department of Defense harm based on parochial interest," Smith said in a statement.

The bill would reject Pentagon plans to slightly increase the out-of-pocket expenses for service members for housing and ask military families and retirees to pay more for health care. The Pentagon also wanted to reduce the $1.4 billion in direct subsidies to military commissaries where military families can buy name-brand groceries and other items at reduced cost.

The bill would provide $100 million of the $200 million requested for the commissaries in the budget for the fiscal year that begins Oct. 1.

Overall, the legislation would provide $495.8 billion for the core defense budget, $17.9 billion for energy programs within Pentagon spending and $79.4 billion for the war in Afghanistan and other overseas operations.