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A woman reacts at the site of a car bomb attack in the Zaafaraniya neighborhood in Baghdad March 19, 2013. A dozen car bombs and suicide blasts tore into Shi'ite districts in Baghdad and south of the Iraqi capital on Tuesday, killing more than 50 people on the 10th anniversary of the U.S.-led invasion that ousted Saddam Hussein. REUTERS/Thaier al-Sudani

This week is the 10th anniversary of the invasion of Iraq by a coalition of states under the leadership of the United States. The major pretexts cited for the invasion proved to be false.

First, the question of weapons of mass-destruction was presented as justification for the invasion, but no such weapons were found. Second, it was stated the then Iraqi regime was linked to al-Qaida, and no convincing or conclusive evidence was presented to confirm this claim. As a matter of fact, the foreign invasion of Iraq was exploited by al-Qaida to penetrate the country. The defeat of al-Qaida came as result of the cooperation extended by the Iraqi tribal leaders to the United States forces in Iraq. The tribal leaders began such cooperation due to harassment and intervention of that organization in the daily life of the citizens as well as the financial and other forms of benefits provided by the occupation authorities to the tribal leaders.

From the beginning, the strategy of the George W. Bush administration in Iraq was wrong because it was based on favoring the sectarian Shiite forces, as well as the separatist Kurdish political parties at the expense of Sunni Arabs. The Constitution of Iraq deepened the sectarian and ethnic divisions of Iraq.

During the week, there are reports of bombing and explosions all over Iraq with more than 50 people reported killed and hundreds injured. It raises the question: When will the bleeding of Iraq end?

Those who came to power with the American and British tanks created one of the most corrupt system of government in the world. In accordance with the International Transparency figures Iraq is among the lowest in its scale. Even U.S. government reports indicated that there was a lack of accountability and responsibility during the management of Iraq by the United States.


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The chaotic situation in Iraq requires an intervention by the United Nations Security Council, and the Council on Human Rights. The United States as a permanent members of the Security Council, and as the state that caused this change in Iraq must request both councils to consider measures to protect the Iraqi people, and bring stability and peace to that country.

Amer Araim is and adjunct professor of political science at Diablo Valley College and is a former Iraqi diplomat to the U.N. He lives in Walnut Creek.