ST. PAUL, Minn. -- The families of two UC Berkeley graduates charged with spying in Iran said Monday that they're glad Shane Bauer and Josh Fattal were able to proclaim their innocence in a court in Tehran and that they hope the case is nearing an end.
Bauer and Fattal pleaded not guilty Sunday at the five-hour hearing. A third UC Berkeley graduate, Oakland resident Sarah Shourd, was released in September and pleaded not guilty in absentia. Before the trial started, Shourd, through a spokesman, declined to say if she would travel to Iran for the trial. On Monday, her spokesman said she did not wish to comment.
"Now that the Court has heard their testimony firsthand, we hope and pray that truth and justice will at long last prevail," the Bauer and Fattal families said in a statement.
Bauer's mother and Fattal's mother and brother did not immediately return phone calls seeking further comment.
Masoud Shafiei, the attorney for the Americans, said the judge decided there would be at least one more session in Tehran Revolutionary Court.
The families said that Shafiei told them he was not allowed to meet with Bauer and Fattal immediately before or after the hearing but that he sat next to them in court and that they appeared to be in good health. Shafiei's access to the men has been limited throughout.
The three Americans were hiking in northern Iraq near the Iranian border in July 2009 when Iranian forces took them into custody. Iranian officials have accused them of spying for the U.S., but the Americans and their families insist that it was an innocent hike and that the espionage charges are untrue.
The case has highlighted ongoing tensions between the U.S. and Iranian governments over the Middle Eastern country's nuclear program. Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has asked for leniency for the Americans but also has linked their plight to those of Iranian prisoners in the U.S., raising the possibility that Tehran wants to use the detainees as potential bargaining chips with Washington.
Shourd, who is Bauer's fiancee, was released on $500,000 bail arranged through the Gulf nation of Oman, which has close ties to the West and Iran. Iranian officials ordered Shourd back for the trial, but she did not respond to the request, meaning the bail likely will be forfeited.
Shourd and Bauer had been living together in Damascus, Syria, where Bauer was working as a freelance journalist and Shourd as an English teacher. Fattal, an environmental activist, went to visit them in July 2009 shortly before their trip to northern Iraq.
Shafiei had hoped Sunday's hearing might bring resolution to the case. He said he hoped the follow-up court date would be scheduled soon.
It's difficult to venture what kind of punishment Bauer and Fattal could face if found guilty because of the secretive nature of the Iranian judicial system. Their case does recall that of American-Iranian journalist Roxanna Saberi, who was arrested in Iran in January 2009, convicted of espionage and sentenced to eight years in prison. She was freed on appeal in May 2009.
The families said in their statement that they continue to worry about the well-being of Bauer and Fattal after their 18 months in prison.